4 Common Causes of Miscarriage

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A miscarriage, also called a spontaneous abortion, is the spontaneous ending of a pregnancy. About 1/3 to 1/2 of all pregnancies end in miscarriage before a woman misses a menstrual period or even knows she is pregnant. About 10 to 20% of women who know they are pregnant will miscarry.

A miscarriage is most likely to occur within the first 3 months of pregnancy, before 20 weeks’ gestation. Only 1% of miscarriages occur after 20 weeks’ gestation. These are termed late miscarriages.

What are the symptoms of a miscarriage?

Symptoms of a miscarriage include:

.Bleeding that progresses from light to heavy.


.Abdominal pain.

.Low back ache that may range from mild to severe.

If you are experiencing the symptoms listed above, contact your healthcare provider right away. He or she will tell you to come in to the office or go to the emergency room.

1: Abnormal Chromosomes

More than half of miscarriages in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy occur because of a problem with the baby's chromosomes. Chromosomes contain the genes that determine your baby's unique traits, such as hair and eye color. A baby can't grow normally with the wrong number of chromosomes or with damaged ones.

2: Medical Conditions

A miscarriage during weeks 13 through 24, the second trimester, often results from a problem with the mother. These are some health problems that increase a woman's risk for miscarriage.

An infection such as cytomegalovirus or German measles

Poorly controlled chronic diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure

Thyroid disease, lupus, and other autoimmune disorders

Problems with your uterus or cervix, such as: fibroids; an abnormally shaped uterus; or a cervix that opens and widens too early, called incompetent cervix.

3: Lifestyle

Your habits as the mom-to-be can increase the risk of miscarriage. Here are some habits that are dangerous for a developing baby:

Smoking. Some studies show an increased risk of miscarriage even if only the father smokes.

.Heavy drinking

.Using illegal drugs

4: Environmental Hazards

In addition to secondhand smoke, certain substances in your environment at home or at work may also put your pregnancy at risk for miscarriage. These include:

Lead in old water pipes

Mercury released from broken thermometers or fluorescent light bulbs

Solvents such as paint thinners, degreasers, and stain and varnish removers

Pesticides for killing insects or rodents

Arsenic found near waste sites or in some well water.

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